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国际著名学术期刊《Crustaceana》出版专刊纪念刘瑞玉院士
访问数量:19024发布时间:2020-12-29

近期,著名的甲壳动物学期刊《Crustaceana》刊发专刊纪念我国著名的海洋生物学、甲壳动物学家、中国科学院院士刘瑞玉院士。
刘瑞玉先生是著名海洋生物学家、甲壳动物学家、中国海洋底栖生物生态学奠基人和甲壳动物学开拓者,曾任澳门新葡新京app理事长、名誉理事长、澳门新葡新京app甲壳动物学分会名誉理事长、中国科学院海洋研究所所长。研究内容广泛,涉及多个领域,贡献突出。甲壳动物学杂志《Crustaceana》近期出版专刊纪念其卓越的学术成就和突出的科学贡献。专刊开篇以长文章的形式,从早期的求学生涯、家庭生活、研究领域、教学育人、科学考察、国际交流、学术成就等方面回顾了刘瑞玉光辉的一生。刘瑞玉先生早年努力求学,壮年奋力开拓我国的海洋事业,晚年大力培养后继人才,临终捐赠毕生积蓄设立奖学金激励后辈。刘瑞玉从事海洋科教工作65年来,共著论文200余篇,专著21部,其中包括甲壳动物分类学和生物学论著97篇(部)、海洋生态学论著70余篇(部)和海洋生物资源及增养殖学论著43篇,描述并发表2个新属,52个新种及1个新亚种,类群不仅涉及甲壳动物,还包括刺胞动物、多毛类环节动物、软体动物等。刘瑞玉先生诲人不倦、奖掖后进,为国内外培养了一大批高层次科技人才,其中许多已成为国内外相关学科学术带头人。
专刊共发表42位作者的18篇文章,其中包括以刘瑞玉命名的3个新属和11个新种。生物分类学界常以知名学者的名字命名新物种或新分类单元,以彰显其对学科发展的贡献。截止目前,共有包括甲壳动物、刺胞动物、多毛类环节动物、软体动物、棘皮动物、海草等在内的4个属和35个物种的海洋生物是以他的名字命名的。

专刊连接:https://brill.com/view/journals/cr/93/11-12/cr.93.issue-11-12.xml

刘瑞玉院士在工作中



 Preface

Onthe 16th of July 2012, the eminentChinese carcinologist Prof. Ruiyu Liu (known as J. Y. Liu or Jui-yu Liu to hiscarcinological colleagues and friends around the world) passed on. No longerwould his friends, colleagues and students be able to rely on his invaluableknowledge of taxonomy, systematics, phylogeny, macrobenthos and marine culturefor their work. China and the carcinological world, will miss his selflessenthusiasm and wisdom.

Prof.Liu was a polymath! As his students, we were always surprised he knew the Latinnames of so many plant and microbe species! And Latin is not the easiestlanguage for Chinese scientists. We have also been deeply touched by hismeticulousness, patience and kindness to colleagues and students alike —and not just those in his disciplines. Even today, seven years after he leftus, we still often talk about and recall the deeds of Prof. Liu with the greatestof respect.

Prof.Liu’s research fields covered a variety of disciplines in marine biology. Hewas one of the founders of carcinology, marine macrobenthic ecology, and thefounder of marine crustacean culture in China. Since the 1940s, he and his studentshave carried out taxonomic studies on many crustacean groups such as Decapoda,Cirripedia, Amphipoda, Stomatopoda and Mysida; mastering their taxonomy,species compositions in habitats, distributions and overall diversity. Hisfirst monograph, “The Economic Shrimps from Northern China”, published in 1955,is a classic crustacean reference, still widely cited in China. Subsequently, aseries of monographs on the crustacean fauna of China, including three volumesof “Fauna Sinica”, and almost 100 papers on crustacean taxonomy, were publishedby him and his collaborators. These works, mostly on crustacean diversity inChina, substantially expanded our knowledge of faunal compositions in Chinesewaters, their zoogeographic characteristics as well as the phylogeneticrelationships among many groups. In the 1960s, Prof. Liu divided themacrobenthic communities of China seas and defined several key habitats. Forexample, he found for the first time that the cold-water community in thedeep-water area of the central Yellow Sea was protected by the cold waters ofthe Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass. He also highlighted that this community waspart of the Fauna of the North Pacific Temperate Zone, distinct from the warmwater fauna of the Indo-West Pacific as well as the East and South China Seas.In the domain of aquaculture, Prof. Liu initiated marine shrimp culture inChina and was the pioneer for the mass culture of the Chinese prawn (Penaeus chinensis)and white prawn (Penaeus vannamei).

Asone of the most experienced and senior marine scientists in China, Prof. Liusuccessively presided over many national and international comprehensivesurveys, for example: “The comprehensive resource investigation of Chinesecoast and shallow waters” (1958-1960), “The national comprehensive survey ofresources of coastal and intertidal zones” (1981-1987), and “The Sino-Germanjoint survey of marine biodiversity on Hainan Island” (1990-1992). He was alsoa leader in academic societies — he was the president or vice president ofthe Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, the Chinese Society forOceanography, the China Society of Fisheries, and the Chinese CrustaceanSociety. The “Checklist of Marine Biota of China Seas”, edited by Prof. Liu hasbeen hailed as a landmark monograph by many international colleagues. Becauseof his outstanding contributions to scientific research in China, Prof. Liu waselected as member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1997. In 2007, TheCrustacean Society presented him with the ”Outstanding Research ContributionAward” in recognition of his numerous contributions to crustacean research.

Atotal of 42 colleagues contributed 18 manuscripts to this issue, they are notonly Prof. Liu’s students or his students’ students, but also close colleagues andfriends for many years. During his lifetime, Prof. Liu published 97 papers andmonographs on crustacean taxonomy, more than 70 papers and monographs onmacrobenthos, and 43 papers on aquaculture. The contributions in this issue,however, are mainly on the taxonomy of crabs, shrimps and other crustacean groups,a field for which he is best known for by the international community.

Asguest editors of this issue, we would like to thank Drs. Charles H. J. M.Fransen and Peter K. L. Ng for their very kindly support of thepublication and continually urging us to complete the work. We are also deeplyappreciative of the chief editor of Crustaceana, Dr. J. C. von Vaupel Klein,for his support of this special issue. We are also mostly grateful to theanonymous reviewers and all the authors — friends of Prof. Liu — whohave contributed to the success of this issue.

September2020, Guest Editors for the present issue

Xinzheng Li

Wenliang Liu

Wei Jiang

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